Mumbai currently has an extensive commuter rail system, the Mumbai Suburban Railway. However, it is not built to rapid transit specifications. In May 2003, the original Mumbai rapid-transit plan was updated to include an elevated 10 km LRT system, to be built between Andheri and Ghatkopar via Asalpha, Marol, Chakala and Saki Naka. In January 2004, a master transit plan, including a 146 kilometer metro, was unveiled by the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA). The plan integrated a 146 kilometer-long metro system, of which 32 km is underground. In June 2004, government approval was given for a 13-station elevated light rail line between Ghatkopar and Versova. The foundation stone-laying ceremony was held on 21 June 2006. The line was initially expected to open in 2008. Work on the 11-km Versova-Andheri-Ghatkopar corridor, which comes under Phase-I, has begun on 8 February 2008. Construction of the route is expected to be completed in three years.A consortium led by Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group’s Reliance Energy Ltd (REL) which includes Connex and Hong Kong MTR Corporation together with Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) bagged the contract for the Rs 2,356 crore Phase-I of the ambitious Mumbai Metro Rail project.
Phase One will be implemented on a Build-Operate-Transfer basis for the period of 35 years. the phase includes construction of three metro lines. Work has already begun on the Versova-Andheri-Ghatkopar corridor, which should be completed within three years by a special purpose vehicle formed by the Mumbai Metro-I consortium. The other corridors in the first phase includes the 38-km Colaba-Mahim-Charkop route and the 14-km Bandra-Kurla-Mankhurd route.
The cost of the project will be shared by the central and state governments.
Main objective is to provide a rail based mass transit connectivity to people within an approach distance of 1 to 2 K.m ; to serve the areas not connected by existing Suburban Rail System;
To provide proper interchange facilities for connectivity to neighbouring areas like Thane, Navi Mumbai, Vasai – Virar etc.
Phase I (2006 – 2011)
Versova – Andheri – Ghatkopar – 11.07 km (Construction started)(2010)
Charkop – Bandra – Mankhurd (may get expanded to Panvel, Navi Mumbai)
Bandra – Colaba
Total – 62.68 km
Phase II (2011 – 2016)
Charkop – Dahisar – 7.5 km
Ghatkopar – Mulund – 12.4 km
Phase III ( 2016 – 2021)
BKC – Kanjur Marg via Airport – 19.5 km
Andheri(E) – Dahisar(E) – 18 km
Hutatma Chowk – Ghatkopar – 21.8 km
Sewri – Prabhadevi – 3.5 km
Sewri- Uran-Panvel 30km
Panvel-Uran- Nerul 30km
Total Length 146.5 km
Mumbai Metro One Private Limited is a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 to implement the Versova-Andheri-Ghatkopar (VAG) Metro corridor in Mumbai. It is a Joint Venture Company formed by Reliance Energy Limited, a Reliance ADA Group Company, Veolia Transport, France and Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA). Salient features include:
First Public Private Partnership in BOOT framework
Vital Infrastructure Project Status by State Govt.
Provides East to West Connectivity
Designed to carry about 6 lakhs Commuters per day initially
Reduces travel time from existing 1 Hr 30 Mins to about 21 mins
Reduces vehicular traffic substantially along the corridor
World class features and facilities
World class quality standards
Highest levels of Safety
Travel made easy for physically challenged people
Need for Metro
Public Transport System is an efficient user of space and energy, with reduced level of air and noise pollution. As pollution of city grows, the share of public transport, road or rail-based should increase.
With Mumbai’s population crossing 12 million, the share of public transport at 88% is quite good. However, over the past decade, the share has reduced from 91% to 88% and is likely to reduce further if corrective measures are not taken immediately.
The Metro is here to meet this demand, not only between the east and the west, but also the north and the south, not only the divide due to geography, but also that in the psyche of the city.
Considering the fact that road buses can optimally carry 10,000 persons per hour per direction (phpdt), the metro system may become virtually indispensable if the traffic density on the corridor exceeds 20,000 phpdt.
Metro Systems are superior to other modes because they provide higher carrying capacity, faster, smoother and safer travel, occupy less space, are non-polluting and energy efficient. To summarize, a Metro System:
Requires 1/5th energy per passenger Km. compared to road-based system. Causes no air pollution Causes lesser noise level Occupies no road space if underground, and only about 2 metres width of road if elevated. Carries same amount of traffic as 7 lanes of bus traffic or 24 lanes of private motor cars (either way), if it a medium capacity system. Is more reliable, comfortable and safer than road based system. Ruduces journey time by anything between 50% and 75% depending upon road conditions
MMRDA’s Master Plan for Mumbai Metro
Colaba – Mahim – Charkop
Bandra – Kurla – Mankhurd
Charkop – Dahisar
Ghatkopar – Mulund
BKC – Kanjur Marg via Airport
Andheri(E) – Dahisar(E)
Hutatma Chowk – Ghatkopar
Sewri – Prabhadevi