Banganga Tank is part of the Walkeshwar Temple Complex in the city of Bombay, India. It was built by the Silhara dynasty in the 12th century. The tank was rebuilt in 1715 out of a donation for the temple by Rama Kamath. The main temple, has been reconstructed since then and is at present a reinforced concrete structure of recent construction.
The tank is fed by a spring and, every February, cleaned and spruced up for the annual Banganga Hindustani classical music festival, a major cultural event in the city. Despite being located only a few dozen meters from the sea, the tank contains fresh water.
According to local legend, it sprang forth when the Hindu god Ram, the exiled hero of the epic Ramayana, stopped at the spot five thousand years ago in search of his kidnapped wife Sita. Overcome with fatigue and thirst, he asked his brother Laxman to bring him some water. Laxman instantly shot an arrow into the ground, and water gushed forth from a tributary of the Ganges, which flows over a thousand miles away.
The tank today is a rectangular pool structure surrounded by steps on all four sides. At the entrance are two pillars in which oil lamps called diyas were lit in ancient times. On the western flank of the tank is an ancient temple built by the Silhara kings.
Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation (MTDC) and Indian Heritage Society, Mumbai (IHS) on behalf of GSB Temple Trust Mumbai present the Banganga Festival in Mumbai on 6-7 January 2007 at Banganga Tank, Walkeshwar. The First day of this prestigious festival will see one of the brightest young Santoor Player Rahul Sharma performing with the First Indian Lady Tabla Maestro Anuradha Pal. Impressive vocalist Vasundharatai Komkali along with her daughter Kalapini Komkali will present Sahagaan on the second day i.e. 7th January 2007. Citigroup and Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Corporation have been sponsoring the festival, since its inception in 1992. This Festival will be inaugurated at the hands of Shri. D.K. Shankaran, Hon’ble Chief Secretary, Govt. of Maharashtra on 6th January 2007 at 07.00 pm. in presence of Mr. Bhushan Gagrani, Secretary (Tourism), Govt. of Maharashtra & M.D. MTDC, Ms. Anita Garware, Chairperson, IHS, Mumbai, Mr. R A Rajeev, Additional Municipal Commissioner, MCGM, Mr. Sanjay Nayar, CEO, Citigroup, Ms. Naina Lal Kidwai, CEO, HSBC and Mr. Pravin Kanvinde, Chairman, GSB Temple Trust. Paying a tribute to its heritage through rhythm and music, the Banganga Festival is a unique event that will promote the landmark site, comprising of several temples, dating back to the 6th century BC. The festival intends to increase awareness and conserve the Banganga tank and its environment. As usual, the stage will be constructed in the middle of the Banganga Tank and the entire ambience will be decorated aesthetically with colourful lights! This year too, in accordance with orders of Hon. High Court, Mumbai on restrictions of silence zone, organizers have introduced an innovative sound solution for the Festival with the help of Net Radiophony India Pvt. Limited and PHILIPS.