Metropolitan Planning Committee

Every one can observe  that the development of  Mumbai, a city of massive proportions, is  completely unplanned. Growth, in population as well as commerce, increases the city’s problems manifold. Planning is required urgently. But just like one part of the body cannot be looked at without considering the rest, we cannot look at Mumbai without taking into account the areas around it.

A large population travels to Mumbai everyday from the neighboring Navi Mumbai, Thane, Kalyan, Bhayandar regions etc. This must be considered while designing the city. The Constitution provides for setting up of a Metropolitan Planning Committee(MPC) for urban areas and District Planning Committees(DPC) for largely sylvan regions as per Article 243EZ. Following the Constitution, such a committee had been setup for Mumbai Metropolitan region but it only paid lip service to the concept and has played no real role in city/region planning.

VOTEMUMBAI simply aims at enforcing the Constitutional provisions to establish a permanent Mumbai Metropolitan Planning Committee comprising of Mumbai, Navi Mumbai, Panvel, Thane City, Thane Rural, Kalyan/Dombivali, Meera/Bhayanar and Virar/Vasai. The MPC will be endowed with planning, regulation, coordination and data collation powers.  

Ahmed Merchant had recently become the managing director of a loss-making company manufacturing toy cars. There were several departments in the company, each working independently. While the department producing the wheels of the car made good wheels, and the department making the steel body made good steel bodies, there was no coordination among the sections and thus the rigging was poor and the cars would not run. Ahmed decided to hire a team of managers to improve the co-ordination within the company. The product quality improved substantially in a short time.

Like Ahmed’s company, if no proper coordination exists between the local governments of neighboring, interdependent towns, Mumbai’s problems will persist. A strong top management for planning, coordination, moderation and data management is necessary.

The composition of the proposed Metropolitan Planning Committee should be as per Article 243EZ of the 74th Constitution Amendment Act. It should be a committee with 2/3rd of its constitution consisting of elected representatives from all local government in the region and 1/3rd of technical experts, NGOs etc. The Mayor of the largest city (bearing in mind the economic parameters) would become the chairperson of the MPC.  All parastatals and Special Purpose Vehicles currently involved in planning function would fall within the purview of the MPC. The MPC could make use of the infrastructure and appropriate administrative mechanism of the MMRDA.

Proposed Structure of the Mumbai Metropolitan Planning Committee
Along with the urban and rural governments in the area the MPC will also have a voice in State Government Departments operating within that region. A spatial data centre with Management Information Systems and Global Information Systems is to be established.

An Integrated Transport Authority should be formed under the MPC. This will become the primary means of connectivity for a majority of the population. It will encourage owners of private vehicles to use public transports and replace the current erroneous practice of solely building flyovers and widening roads. The Integrated Transport Authority could change the face of conveyance in the city and provide comprehensive connectivity, convenience, affordability, frequency, reliability, safety, environmental standards and urban aesthetics.

Framework for Metropolitan Planning
Institution Type of Plan Contents of the Plan Stake holders Process of approval
Metropolitan Planning Committee Metropolitan (Regional) Plan (DP) 25 to 30 Year perspective plan.
Economic and demographic growth
Strategic land use zoning and population allocation
Arterial road and transit network
Allocation of land for environmentally sensitive purposes
Infrastructure demand and strategy for meeting the demand.
esource equirements and strategy to raise them including areas for PPP. 
Chambers of Commerce and Industry.
Trade Unions
Professional associations of Town Planners, Engineers, Architects etc.
Universities and research institutions
Constituent local authorities
Para statals,
Government Ministries and Departments
Public Utilities
Draft plan to be sent to constituent local authorities for consideration and feedback.
Draft plan to be published in print and digital media (web site).
Workshops be conducted to present the draft plan and receive feedback.
(No individual suggestion and objection necessary no hearing necessary)
MPC to approve plan.
Municipal Corporation City Development Plan 15 to 20 Year Plan
Detailed land use zoning and road network
Identification of areas for Town Planning Schemes / Urban Renewal
General Development Control Regulations with special regulations for TP Schemes, Urban Renewal and Slums
Listing of public facilities required in each ward / planning district.
Financial forecast for implementing the plan
In addition to those mentioned above
Real estate developers’ association
Resident welfare associations / ALMs
Hawkers’ union
Social, Cultural and Sports associations
Landlords’ and Tenants’ associations Ward Committees
Publication of draft plan
Conducting public workshops to present the Plan and receive feedback
Receiving suggestions and objections and giving hearing
Submission of revised draft plan to the Corporation for sanction.
Corporation to sanction the Plan
Ward Committee 5 Year Local Investment Plan (WP) Ward level 5 year investment plan.
Priority works drawn from the relevant proposals of the City Development Plan.
Detailed investment requirements and
Yearly financial provisions proposed
Local Residents
welfare associations / ALMs / Area Sabhas
Ward committee to submit its 5 year plan to corporation for approval and allocation of budgetary allocation.
In additions to above plans Town Planning Schemes and Urban Renewal Schemes may have to be prepared for specific areas as proposed in the Metropolitan Plan or the City Development Plan. The procedure to be followed in preparing such schemes could be as already laid down in the Town Planning Act.

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