Mumbai Railway Vikas


The Mumbai Suburban Railway network caters to 6.3 million commuters everyday. It has the highest passenger density in the World, ahead of even Tokyo and Seoul. Almost half of the total daily passengers using the entire Indian Railway System are from Mumbai Suburban Railway system alone.
Mumbai Suburban Railway system, in spite of heavy demands on it, has provided an efficient and reliable service. However, the pressure    continues    and   today   it   has   reached   alarming
proportions. Overcrowding has grown to such an extent that 5,000 passengers are traveling per 9-car train during peak hours, as against the rated carrying capacity of 1,710. This has resulted in, what is known as, super dense crush load of 14-16 standing passengers per square metre of floor space.
Given the geographical spread of the population and location  of  business  areas,  the  rail  network
will continue to be the principal mode of mass transport in Mumbai.
To enable the Mumbai Suburban Railway to meet the demands of the ever-growing passenger traffic , Ministry of Railways and the Government of Maharashtra joined hands to face the challenge.
Mumbai Railway Vikas Corporation Ltd (MRVC Ltd), a PSU of Govt. of India under Ministry of Railways (MOR) was incorporated under Companies Act,1956 with an equity capital of Rs. 25 Crores shared in the ratio of 51:49 between Ministry of Railways and Government of Maharashtra to implement the Rail Component of an integrated rail-cum-road urban transport project called Mumbai Urban Transport Project (MUTP).
The cost of the Rail Component of the project is to be shared equally by Ministry of Railways and Government of Maharashtra.
The Corporation is not only executing the projects identified so far, but also involved in the further planning and development of Mumbai Suburban Rail system for improved rail services in close coordination with Indian Railways and Government of Maharashtra. The geographical jurisdiction of MRVC is from Churchgate to Dahanu Road on Western Railway and from CSTM to Kasara, Karjat/ Khopoli and Panvel on Central Railway.
Apart from execution of Railway projects in Mumbai, the main functions of MRVC are :
Develop coordinated plans and implement the rail infrastructure projects.
Integrate urban development plan for Mumbai with rail capacity and propose investments.
Undertake commercial development of Railway land and air space in Mumbai area.
Coordinate and facilitate improvements of track drainage and removal of encroachments and trespassers.
Coordinate with organizations operating the train services and responsible for protection of Railway’s right of way and urban development for purposeful resolution of allied issues and problems.


The Suburban Railway system in Mumbai is perhaps the most complex, densely loaded and intensively utilised system in the world. Spread over 302 route Kms, it operates on 1500 Volt DC power supply from overhead catenary. The suburban services are run by electric multiple units (EMUs). 184 rakes (train sets) of 9-car and 12-car composition are utilised to run 2067 train services to carry 6.3 million passengers per day.
Two zonal Railways, the Western Railway (WR) and the Central Railway (CR), operate the Mumbai Suburban Railway system.
Two corridors (one local and other through) on Western Railway run northwards from Churchgate terminus parallel to the west coast up to Virar (60 Kms).
Two corridors (one local and other through) on Central Railway run from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) to Kalyan (54 Kms),from where it bifurcates into Kalyan-Kasara (67 Kms) in the north-east and Kalyan-Karjat-Khapoli (61 Kms) in south-east.
The 5th corridor on Central Railway runs as the Harbour line starting from CST to Raoli Junction (11 Kms) from where the line splits. One line goes north west to join WR at Bandra and goes up to Andheri (11 Kms) and the other goes eastward to terminate at Panvel (39 Kms) via New-Mumbai.
At present, the fast corridors on Central Railway as well as Western Railway are shared for long distance (Main line) and Freight trains.


MUTP Projects

Rail projects were identified through the project preparatory studies with the objective of:
Bringing down the over crowding in peak hour peak direction 9-car train to 3000 passengers as against existing around 5000.
Segregate the suburban train operation from the main line passenger and freight services.
Completion over a time frame of eight to ten years.
Total cost Rs.5618 crores (1998-99 prices)
MUTP (Rail Component) bifurcated in two phases (Phase I and Phase II)for the purpose of World Bank funding.
Phase I
Phase I includes Works to be completed in next 5 years.
Cost Rs.3125.20 crores (Dec 2001 prices)

MUTP Phase I (Rail Component)

Capacity Augmentation Works

Cost in Crores of Rupees

Quadrupling of Borivali-Virar section 509.0
Provision of 5th line Western Railway 59.0
Kurla Thane Additional pair of lines 166.0
Extension of Harbour line to Goregaon 59.0

System Improvement Works:

Optimisation of Western Railway 50.1

Other Works:

Resettlement & Rehabilitation 290.0
EMU procurement & manufacture 1359.2
Maintenance facilities for EMUs 64.3
Stabling lines for EMUs 48.5
Track Machines 31.3
Institutional strengthening & studies 48.2
Grand Total Phase I 3125.2
Addition of 93 track Kms – existing 790 Kms
101 new 9-car rakes
Resettlement & Rehabilitation of 14,479 Project affected households
Lengthening of all platforms (excluding harbour line) to handle 12 car rakes
Respacing of signals to achieve 3 minutes headway on all the lines
DC to AC conversion in all suburban section except Thane CSTM which will be taken up in Phase I

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Phase II
Phase II includes Works to be completed in next 5 years.
Cost Rs. 5745 crores ( at 2005 prices)

MUTP Phase II (Rail Component)

Capacity Augmentation Works

Cost in Crores of Rupees

Kurla-CSTM 5th & 6th Lines 430.0
Thane Kalyan additional pair of lines 180.0
Borivali Mumbai Central 6th line 350.0
Bandra Kurla East West link 360.0
Extension of Harbour Line upto Goregaon 70.0

System Improvement Works:

S&T Upgrade to improve headway 700.0

Other Works:

Resettlement & Rehabilitation 160.0
EMU procurement & manufacture 2880.0
Maintenance facilities for EMUs 200.0
Stabling lines for EMUs 65.0
Institutional strengthening & studies 50.0
Grand Total Phase II  5745
Addition of 122 track Kms – existing 790 Kms and 93 Kms added in MUTP Phase I
131 new 9-car rakes
DC to AC conversion in Thane CSTM section (172 Track km) , completing the DC-AC conversion on Mumbai Suburban.
Resettlement & Rehabilitation of 4,000 Project affected households
Lengthening of all platforms (excluding harbour line) to handle 12 car rakes
Signalling and telecommunication system upgradation for improved headway and reliability

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For a Graphical Presentation of Our Projects click here


Benefits to Passengers


Benefits to Commuters on completion of Project

  Reduction in journey time and waiting time
Improved punctuality of trains
Easier entry and exit at stations
Improvements in new trains
Better riding
    • Better ventilation and air circulation
    • Better lighting
    • Larger windows
    • Announcement and display system in trains
Phase I Benefits
Reduced overcrowding:
  Bring down the passengers per 9 coach train to 3600 as against the existing 5000.
    • 12 car trains to replace 9 car trains
    • Increase in frequency by about 20%
    • Increase in carrying capacity by 35%
Extension of suburban trains to Dahanu Road.
Phase II Benefits
Further reduction in overcrowding.
  Bring down the passengers per 9 coach train to 2700 as against 3600 on completion of MUTP Phase I.
To completely segregate the suburban train operations from the main line services.
To reduce headway to around 2.5 minutes, i.e. 24 suburban trains of 12-car per hour per corridor in the peak hour peak direction.
To establish connectivity between Western & Central Railways at Bandra and Kurla.


The MUTP (Rail Component) is being funded with Public Public Participation, i.e., Budgetary support from Government of Maharashtra and Ministry of Railways. It is also being funded by loan from the World Bank.
World Bank Funds 1613 Cr.
Ministry of Railways 756 Cr.
Government of Maharashtra 756 Cr.
Total 3125 Cr.
Surcharge has been levied on commuters with effect from 15th September 2003 for repayment of the World Bank loan.
In addition, MRVC plans to raise revenue from commercial development of railway land and air space for financing future projects.
Scheme for funding Phase II is under consideration.

Contact Us



(A PSU of Govt. of India, Ministry of Railways)

Churchgate Station Bldg., 2nd floor, Mumbai 400020

Telephone no. : +91-22 – 22080015

Fax: +91-22 – 22096972


2 Responses to “Mumbai Railway Vikas”

  1. Saurabh Says:

    i m facing lot of problem in travelling from andheri to virar as the local trains are overcrowded during the peak hours.

    just wanted to know from when the number of trains during peak hours will be increased…

  2. prakash Says:



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