Mumbai Taxi and Autorickshaw Tariff Card.

If you are new to Mumbai and regularly travel by taxi or by autorickshaw, it’s a good idea to print a copy of the tariff card from the Mumbai Traffic Police website and carry it with you. Mumbai is an honest city. But there’s always that remote possibility.

Download the Mumbai Taxi and Autorickshaw Tariff Card.

An aerial view of the Wankhede stadium, Marine lines, Taj Mahal & Gateway of India


The Mahalakshmi Temple

Built around 1785, the history of this temple is supposedly connected with the building of the Hornby Vellard. Apparently after portions of the sea-wall of the Vellard collapsed twice, the chief engineer, a Pathare Prabhu, dreamt of a Lakshmi statue in the sea near Worli. A search recovered it and he built a temple for it. After this, the work on the vellard could be completed without a hitch.

The Inner City

The congested inner city, just north of the old Fort walls is one of the oldest parts of Bombay. Even now, different parts are identified by the communities who live there. The names of places, and the architecture of the various localities reveal the successive migrations to Bombay.

For example, the Parsis mainly settled in Chandanwadi, near the Hormusji Wadia fire temple, the Dady Sett Agiary and Albless Baug. The Catholics lived in Cavel and Khotachi Wadi in Girgaum. Marathi brahmins and Prabhus preferred to settle on Girgaum Road, near the Portuguese church of St. Theresa’s. The Muslim landlords of Khetwadi lived in the eastern parts of the inner city, in Market and Dongri.

Kamathipura, now synonymous with the phrase `red-light district’, was originally named after the Kamathi workers from Andhra who came to the city from 1795, and settled in the flat areas which were rendered livable by the construction of the Hornby Vellard. The Konkanis, Kathiwadis, Kutchis and other Gujarati people, fleeing from the droughts of the 17th and 18th centuries, settled in Thakurdwar and Pydhonie.

Map of inner city If your browser does not support client-side image maps, then instead of using the map at the left, you could use the text index here:

Dhobi-Talao || Market || Pydhonie || Kamathipura || Girgaum || Mazagaon || Tardeo || Fort || Malabar Hill

The Seven Islands of Mumbai

1700 Map Proceeding roughly south to north, the seven islands ceded by the Portuguese to the British were

  1. Colaba: whose name is a corruption of the Koli name Kolbhat.
  2. Old Woman’s Island: (alternatively, Old Man’s Island) a small rock between Colaba and Bombay, whose name is a corruption of the Arabic name Al-Omani, after the deep-sea fishermen who ranged up to the Gulf of Oman.
  3. Bombay: the main harbour and the nucleus of the British fort from which the modern city grew; it stretched from Dongri on the east to Malabar Hill on the west.
  4. Mazagaon: a Koli settlement to the east of Bombay island was seperated from it by Umarkhadi and Pydhonie.
  5. Worli: north of Bombay was seperated from it by the Great Breach, which extended westwards almost to Dongri.
  6. Parel: North of Mazagaon and called by many other names, including Matunga, Dharavi and Sion. The original population was predominantly Koli.
  7. Mahim: to the west of Parel and north of Worli, took its name from the Mahim river and was the capital of a 13th century kingdom founded by Raja Bhimdev.

Mumbai Food Marathi Special

Marathi Cuisine

Like most of the coastal states of India, Marathi food uses lots of fish and coconuts. As in all other parts of India, there is an enormous variety of vegetables in the regular diet. Grated coconuts spice many kinds of dishes, but coconut oil is not very widely used as a cooking medium. Peanuts and cashewnuts are widely used in vegetables. Peanut oil is the main cooking medium.